Differences Between PKP and Non-PKP: A Guide for Entrepreneurs

Perbedaan PKP dan Non PKP: Panduan untuk Pengusaha

As an entrepreneur, understanding the differences between PKP (Taxable Entrepreneur) and Non-PKP (Non-Taxable Entrepreneur) is crucial for optimizing business strategies and tax compliance.

This article outlines some key differences between PKP and Non-PKP, detailing the obligations that must be met and determining which status is more advantageous for entrepreneurs.

Read Also: Individual PT Company Tax: Guide for Independent Entrepreneurs

What Are PKP and Non-PKP?

A business entity or individual subject to tax on the sale of goods and/or services within the scope of Indonesian taxation is referred to as a Taxable Entrepreneur (PKP). PKP is required to collect, deposit, and report Value Added Tax (VAT) on every transaction made.
Non-PKP (Non-Taxable Entrepreneur) refers to businesses or individuals that do not meet the criteria to be classified as PKP. They are not required to collect, deposit, or report VAT.

Criteria for Becoming PKP

  • Entrepreneurs with an annual turnover of at least Rp 4.8 billion are required to register as PKP.
  • Businesses engaged in the production, distribution, or sale of taxable goods and services.
  • Entrepreneurs must register with the tax office to obtain PKP status and a PKP Registration Number (NPPKP).

Read Also: What Is TDP (Company Registration Certificate)?

Obligations of PKP

  • Collecting VAT at 10% of the selling price of taxable goods or services.
  • Depositing the collected VAT into the state treasury.
  • Reporting transactions subject to VAT through a Monthly VAT Return (SPT Masa PPN).
  • Issuing tax invoices for each taxable transaction.

Obligations of Non-PKP

Non-PKP businesses are responsible for paying Final Income Tax (PPh Final), which is designed to support small entrepreneurs during the development stage of their businesses.

Advantages and Disadvantages of PKP

Advantages of Taxable Entrepreneurs

  • The status of being a Taxable Entrepreneur increases credibility and trust with customers and business partners.
  • PKP can credit Input VAT against Output VAT, which can reduce tax burdens.
  • Many large companies and government entities only cooperate with PKP, opening up wider business opportunities.

Disadvantages of Taxable Entrepreneurs

  • Taxable Entrepreneurs must handle more complex tax administration, including issuing tax invoices and monthly reporting.
  • Increasing VAT can lead to higher selling prices, potentially reducing the competitiveness of goods or services offered by Taxable Entrepreneurs compared to those offered by Non-PKP businesses.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Non-PKP

Advantages of Non-Taxable Entrepreneurs

  • Without VAT obligations, non-PKP businesses can reduce the complexity of tax administration.
  • Without VAT, the selling prices of goods or services can be lower and more competitive in the market.

Disadvantages of Non-Taxable Entrepreneurs

  • Non-Taxable Entrepreneurs may face difficulties in working with large companies or government entities that require Taxable Entrepreneur status.
  • Non-Taxable Entrepreneurs do not have the authority to credit Input VAT, meaning they must bear all the VAT paid.

Read Also: Virtual Office Tax Regulations in Indonesia: Complete Guide

Which Is More Beneficial?

The decision to become a Taxable Entrepreneur (PKP) or a Non-Taxable Entrepreneur (Non-PKP) largely depends on the characteristics and goals of your business. If you plan to expand your business and potentially target large companies or government markets, becoming a Taxable Entrepreneur may be a strategic choice. If your main focus is on small-scale business with simple administration and competitive pricing, it may be more beneficial to remain a Non-Taxable Entrepreneur.
Understanding the differences and obligations between Taxable Entrepreneurs and Non-Taxable Entrepreneurs will help you make the right decision for the development of your business.

If you intend to handle PKP matters, you can rely on Indonesia tax consultant services from vOffice. Contact us now and get special offers!